Periodontal disease results from the buildup of plaque and harmful bacteria around the gum line. Gingivitis is the mildest form of the disease, causing the gums to turn red, swollen, and bleed after brushing or flossing. Although gingivitis is typically reversible, periodontal therapy with scaling and root planing may be needed to restore the health of your gums. These treatments carefully clean and smooth the root surfaces to remove plaque, tartar, and bacterial toxins from deep inside your periodontal pockets. Scaling and root planing can often be an ongoing process for some patients to sustain oral health. If left untreated altogether, gingivitis can quickly advance into periodontitis, or late stage periodontal disease. In this stage plaque spreads below the gum line, causing toxins to stimulate a chronic inflammatory response in the body, effectively destroying the tissues and bone that support the teeth, and ultimately leading to gum separation and tooth loss. Periodontal disease is an all too common problem, but we offer the treatments you need to protect yourself and preserve your naturally healthy smile.